How to Restart a Program in Python

How to Restart a Program in Python. In this tutorial, we will learn different methods to restart a Python program. Restarting a program can be useful in situations where the program needs to be refreshed due to updated configuration or to reset its states. We will cover various approaches, including using standard library functions and external library functions.

Using the ‘os’ and ‘sys’ Modules

One of the simplest ways to restart a Python program is by utilizing 'os' and 'sys' modules. This method is straightforward and does not require any additional packages.

This method uses 'os.execv()‘, which replaces the current process with a new one. 'sys.executable' provides the path to the Python interpreter currently running the script, and 'sys.argv'contains the original command line argument.

Using the ‘subprocess’ Module

The 'subprocess' module can also be used to restart a Python program. This approach spawns a new process and then exits the current process.

In this example, 'subprocess.Popen()'is used to start a new instance of the program before the existing program is terminated using 'sys.exit()'.

Using External Libraries to Restart Python Program.

For more complex scenarios or to include additional features like delay before restart, you can use an external library like 'psutil' handle the restart.

First, you will need to install the 'psutil'library if you have not already.

Then, you can implement the restart functionality as follows-

This code introduces a delay before the program restarts, which can be useful in situations where a cool-down period is needed between restarts.

Happy Coding & Learning

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