Matrix manipulation is a fundamental abstract for computer programming, particularly in scientific and mathematical applications. One crucial operation is the transpose of a matrix in which we have to swap its rows and columns. In this article, we are going to write a C program to find a transpose of a matrix.

## Table of Contents

## Matrix Transpose

The transpose of a matrix is a new matrix formed by interchanging it’s rows with columns.

## C Program to Find Transpose of a Matrix

```
#include <stdio.h>
void main()
{
int row, column;
printf("Enter the number of rows ");
scanf("%d", &row);
printf("Enter the number of column ");
scanf("%d", &column);
int matrix[row][column], transpose[column][row];
printf("Enter the element of Matrix\n");
for (int i = 0; i < row; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j < column; j++)
{
printf("Enter the element at position {%d,%d}", i, j);
scanf("%d", &matrix[i][j]);
}
}
for (int i = 0; i < row; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j < column; j++)
{
transpose[j][i] = matrix[i][j];
}
}
printf("\noriginal matrix \n");
for (int i = 0; i < row; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j < column; j++)
{
printf("%d\t", matrix[i][j]);
}
printf("\n");
}
printf("\nTranspose of matrix \n");
for (int i = 0; i < column; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j < row; j++)
{
printf("%d\t", transpose[i][j]);
}
printf("\n");
}
}
```

### Output

## How the Above C Program Works?

- The program starts with the main method and the user enters the matrix. If you don’t know how to take matrix input in C refer to this tutorial – Matrix Input and Output in C
- After that, we calculate a transpose of the matrix by using nested loop and interchange values of rows with the columns.
- At the end, we print both matrices original matrix entered by the user, and transpose of matrix found by our C program.

*Happy Coding*

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